What might the Web look like today if Netscape had never had a JavaScript, but instead just went all-in with Java being the only scripting language / runtime environment?

Press F5? That's a recompile.

Gradle running.... please wait.

Java had the earliest of early-mover advantages, it set out to be what Flash became, it tried extremely hard to be what Flash became, and it's a very impressive technical achievement that it managed to completely fail at basically its only goal in a clear field with no competitors in sight and an entire industry supporting and training and giving seminars and cheering it on.

Flash became its own security nightmare, as did Java, but that's a different problem to that of adoption.

@natecull I wonder if one related factor was that Flash was first and foremost arbitrary vector animation, and Java applets were first and foremost "a UI that looks exactly like an extremely slow web page UI". I'm probably misremembering history on this though.

@CodingItWrong

Yeah, Java applets were visually ugly and not suited to animation.

But I don't understand why this was the case.

Maybe it was just that Sun was clueless about animation -- even though they were pushing it as Java's first use case -- and didn't have anyone of Macromedia's background on board?

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@natecull I bet you're right about the animation background. That was a lot of substantial tooling.

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@CodingItWrong

And yet wasn't a lot of the movie industry using Sun workstations at the time? Or am I thinking about Silicon Graphics and 1990s Sun was more of a corporate thing?

@natecull You just went beyond my experience with that last question.

What does come to mind is that Java UI widgets felt very similar in scope to Mac and Windows ones; nothing more domain-specific than that.

@natecull @CodingItWrong I think Sun was a thing in computer graphics at the time, that was certainly the impression I had, driven home by how when I worked at Staples in the mid 00s there were still a few stations there in the Copy Centre because we were randomly the main hub for printing projects in the area and that was where some of the fancy graphics editing stuff was. I think by that point the industry had moved on, but companies like Staples were lagging well behind.
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